An analysis of the anti transcendental philosophy in the novel moby dick by herman melville

How is Herman Melville an anti-transcendentalist in Moby Dick?

Structure[ edit ] Point of view[ edit ] Ishmael is the narrator, shaping his story with use of many different genres including sermons, stage plays, soliloquies, and emblematical readings. Perhaps the most striking example is the use of verbal nouns, mostly plural, such as allurings, coincidings, and leewardings.

By means of Ishmael, Melville does not deny the necessity of individuality to a democracy, but rather warns against allowing any one person to have so much faith in his own willfulness that it grants him enough control to overshadow the identities of his subordinates, as Ahab does with his crew.

After the epilogue, Ishmael must fade into obscurity again in order to break another, more chaotic cycle in which revolution and destruction—both of which will result in a continuation of the cycle—are the only two options should it be allowed to reach its conclusion.

Melville pits man against nature in Moby-Dick, and in such an environment, there can be no creation, only destruction. The simplest sequences are of narrative progression, then sequences of theme such as the three chapters on whale painting, and sequences of structural similarity, such as the five dramatic chapters beginning with "The Quarter-Deck" or the four chapters beginning with "The Candles".

Balancing chapters are chapters of opposites, such as "Loomings" versus the "Epilogue," or similars, such as "The Quarter-Deck" and "The Candles". To rely on verbs of action, "which lend their dynamic pressure to both movement and meaning.

To me, the white whale is that wall" Ch.

Melville, Anti-Transcendentalism, & Democracy: Moby-Dick as a Cautionary Tale

When it comes to Moby Dick himself, this limitation takes on allegorical significance. Although the book became the standard whaling reference soon after publication, Melville satirized and parodied it on several occasions—for instance in the description of narwhales in the chapter "Cetology", where he called Scoresby "Charley Coffin" and gave his account "a humorous twist of fact": He confesses that "whenever it is a damp, drizzly November in my soul He falls into the head, and the head falls off the yardarm into the sea.

A choice was made not to rebel, and so consequently Ahab and the crew of the Pequod had to face destruction, yet Ishmael was spared. This procedure was intended to provide the best though still uncertain claim for the English copyright of an American work.

Starbuck begs Ahab to desist, but Ahab vows to slay the white whale, even if he would have to dive through the globe itself to get his revenge. Matthiessen in his study of the American Renaissance with such results that almost a half century later Bezanson still considered him "the richest critic on these matters.

Ahab with violence, Ishmael with meditation. Hubbard also identified the model for Pip: Matthiessen points out that the "mere sounds, full of Leviathanism, but signifying nothing" at the end of "Cetology" Ch. The leap that Transcendentalists make in their ideology from their belief in intuitions to affirming that every individual should be his own lawmaker is what many of their critics refer to instead as lawlessness: Nevertheless, he carries no ill will toward the whale, which he regards not as malicious, but as awkward.

Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. A third type calls upon the literary nature of passages used as evidence. As a result of this confidence in consciousness and the mind, Transcendentalism distinguishes its philosophy by attributing particular attention to intuitions.

But the shareholders of the Acushnet were relatively wealthy, whereas the owners of the Pequod included poor widows and orphaned children. Transcendentalism will then affirm that if an individual learns to rely on his intuitions and deposits his faith in them, then he is capable of developing his own set of rules to have command over his life.

Starbuck, was on an earlier voyage with Captain Pease, in the early s, and was discharged at Tahiti under mysterious circumstances. Stubb talks them out of it, but Ahab orders him away. The problem lies in that when Emerson speaks of the greatness of being misunderstood, he is praising the importance of contradiction and condemning the mediocrity of consistency: From Family Correspondence of Herman Melville.

As Bezanson writes, "in each case a killing provokes either a chapter sequence or a chapter cluster of cetological lore growing out of the circumstance of the particular killing," thus these killings are "structural occasions for ordering the whaling essays and sermons".In his novel 'Moby-Dick', Herman Melville introduces three characters that possess many of the fundamental characteristics that identify a Transcendentalist, but.

Moby Dick is probably one of the most dreaded stories for students in high school and college classrooms, because it's known for being extremely long, elaborate and boring. What most readers, or prospective readers, don't know is that the novel has influenced many areas of current culture, including the most famous coffee chain in America.

Moby Dick study guide contains a biography of Herman Melville, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Throughout the novel, Melville creates a relationship between Ahab and Moby Dick despite the latter's absence until the final three chapters through the recurrence of elements.

Man's Place: Transcendentalism vs. Anti-transcendentalism in Moby Dick 1. What is Transcendentalism? A literary and philosophical movement, associated with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller, asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical and scientific and is knowable through intuition.

Melville, on the other hand, could be said to be an anti-transcendentalist, especially in Moby Dick, because he depicts nature not as uplifting and benevolent but as cruel and frightening. The whale itself is the main representation of the dark side of the natural world, preternaturally aware, with a grudge against humans.

A summary of Themes in Herman Melville's Moby-Dick. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Moby-Dick and what it means. How to Write Literary Analysis; Suggested Essay Topics; Sample A+ Essay; How to Cite This SparkNote the whale has taken on an incredible multiplicity of meanings.

Over the course of the novel.

An analysis of the anti transcendental philosophy in the novel moby dick by herman melville
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