In at least one study of Caucasian and African-American children, it was found that the prevalence of autism did not vary by race, even within race and sex subgroups Gibson The influences of special education programs and access to health care are both connected to a third less obvious factor working to create autism as a white condition, which is the level of parental education.
To what extent does the rhetoric of autistic whiteness serve as a set of implicit, unexamined, foundational assumptions for those working in social services and legislation? Heilker, Paul, and Melanie Yergeau. I begin, then, with the perhaps obvious matter of epistemology, of how rhetoric and social construction can work to create the "truth" in a given circumstance.
A recent study of New York City suburbs found that "Affluent school districts […] classify more than five times as many of their students with autism as districts at the opposite end of the economic spectrum" Rudy, par.
While additional, more in-depth studies of autism as a white phenomenon should surely Paul heilker essay conducted to determine the full range and depth of this phenomenon, I would prefer to turn at this point from this preliminary discussion of some of its causes to a initial discussion of its potential implications.
That is the "truth" about autism. We do not yet know what causes autism, and outside of any personal experiences we have had with autistics, all there is to work with is fundamentally uncertain yet aggressively suasive public discourse about the condition, where there is heated argument about what, exactly, autism is, how we should think about it, and how we should respond to it.
The rhetorics of autism advocacy groups also work to construct autism as a white phenomenon. In like manner, beyond these interpersonal considerations, we should examine the degree to which assumptions about the "truth" of autistic whiteness seem to undergird and operate within larger social systems.
Moreover, if identifying with autistic whiteness serves to collapse or efface critical differences between people on the spectrum and neurotypicals, as I believe it may, then it would seem to be deeply involved in difficult questions about empathy and its place in autistic-neurotypical relations see Heilker and Yergeau, In professional, popular, and amateur discourses — and across a variety of media — it seems clear that autistics are consistently portrayed as white, regardless of any other demographic distinctions that would seem to apply, such as gender, age, class, nationality, or religion.
Introduction Whatever else it may be, autism is a profoundly rhetorical phenomenon. All we are presented with in the public sphere are competing narratives and arguments about autism, all of which are clamouring for our assent and none of which is remotely disinterested.
Medical experts, the report said, blame the problem […] on a lack of quality health care in low-income neighborhoods. It is felt by other autistics that society at large generalizes the lives of the shiny autistics and expects all autistics to be the same or very similar.
Cultural Forces Let us now consider some of the less obvious forces working to construct autism as a white condition. This vexed dynamic has additional implications for autistics and neurotypicals alike, affecting our assumptions and relationships at every level from the interpersonal to the international.
Moreover, white high school graduates are also more likely to go to college than their black or Hispanic classmates. All these things and more?
Thus, when I hear that a self-described Aspie supremacist "looks down at primate politics," it is difficult not to hear strong, disturbing echoes of white racist discourses purporting that African-Americans were sub-human and that Aryans were a master race.Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters.
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CS Heilker, Paul The Essay: Theory and Pedagogy for an Active Form. Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races. New York: Howard Fertig, Print. Gaonkar, Dilip Parmeshwar. "Introduction: Contingency and Probability." Paul Heilker is an Associate Professor of English at Virginia Tech, where he serves as the Director of the PhD Program in Rhetoric and Writing.
Home › Parent Money Forums › Family finances › Paul Heilker Essay – This topic contains 0 replies. Paul Heilker is the author of The Essay ( avg rating, 13 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Keywords in Writing Studies ( avg rating, 5 ratin /5(1).
Books. The Essay: Theory and Pedagogy for an Active Form (NCTE, ) Edited Books. Keywords in Writing Studies (University Press of Colorado, ).Download