The real historical evidence reveals otherwise. Hostility to the Jesuits was further inspired by their defense of the indigenous populations of the Americas against abuses committed by Spanish colonizers and by the strength of the order, which was regarded as an impediment to the establishment of absolute monarchist rule.
Despite its strong support for much of contemporary culture, the church also found itself in conflict with that culture during the Counter-Reformation.
You can help by adding to it. The financial abuses that had been so flagrant in the church at all levels were brought under control, and strict rules requiring the residency of bishops in their dioceses were established.
In fact, the delegates at the council never officially accepted canon 8 in its popular form but bishops of Granada, Coimbra, and Segovia pushed for the long statement about music to be attenuated and many other prelates of the council joined enthusiastically.
He was awarded a doctorate in and commenced his teaching of the Bible in Wittenberg that same year. A cautious and experienced diplomat who feared that bold actions would cause more harm than good, he was not a prophet at a time when the world may have needed one.
Both Jansenism and Quietism must be seen not only as parties in a controversy but also as symptoms of religious vitality. He sponsored the revision and clarification of the Code of Canon Lawwhich was completed during the reign of his successor and which replaced the code that had been in effect since the Middle Ages.
Yet these negative reactions to Protestantism were not by any means the only—perhaps not even the primary—form of participation by Roman Catholicism in the history of the Reformation. More perhaps than any of his immediate predecessors or successors, Pius X attended to the reform of the liturgy, especially the Gregorian chantand advocated early and frequent reception of Holy Communion.
The common people in all these places wanted to remain Catholic, but were forced by law to become Protestants.
Other Protestant movements grew up along lines of mysticism or humanismsometimes breaking from Rome or from the Protestants, or forming outside of the churches. Some followers of Zwingli believed that the Reformation was too conservative, and moved independently toward more radical positions, some of which survive among modern day Anabaptists.
It was to be normative not only in the training of priests at church seminaries but also in the education of the laity at universities. In addition to the Jesuits, other Roman Catholic religious orders owe their origin to the Reformation.
By the time Protestantism arose to challenge the spiritual authority of Romehowever, the papacy had squandered some of its recovered prestige in its attempts to establish its preeminence in Italian politics. These two movements quickly agreed on most issues, but some unresolved differences kept them separate.
It has therefore played an important role in the efforts to restore Roman Catholicism in Protestant and, to some degree, in Eastern Orthodox territories. Although they were by no means the only religious order in the foreign missions of the church, their responsibility for regaining outside Europe the power and territory that the church had lost within Europe as a result of the Protestant Reformation made them the leading force in the Christianization of newly discovered lands in the Western HemisphereAsia, and the Pacific Islands.The Reformation was the culmination of this process, which, in the empire, took place in nearly all princely territories and in most independent cities, where governments brought the administration of the church under political direction.
Before we go on, notice that the word Protestant contains the word "protest" and that reformation contains the word "reform"—this was an effort, at least at first, to protest some practices of the Catholic Church and to reform that Church. The Radical Reformation was the response to what was believed to be the corruption in the Catholic Church and the expanding Magisterial Protestant movement led by Martin Luther and many others.
Beginning in Germany and Switzerland in the 16th century, the Radical Reformation gave birth to many radical Protestant groups throughout Europe.
The Reformation was a 16th-century religious and political challenge to papal authority in Catholic Europe. Read more about Martin Luther, the Thirty Years War and the Counter-Reformation.
Their findings prompted Paul to convene a council of Church leaders at Trent, in northern Italy, who would address the state of the Church and the spread of Protestantism. The Council of Trent, which met periodically from toreaffirmed Catholic beliefs and repudiated Protestant ideas.
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