Developing agricultural and rural industries will provide employment opportunities in rural areas. Sanitation is another grey area as hygiene related diseases due to inappropriate drainage system also results in death of millions of people as well as causing various diseases.
Right now, Karachi seems to be the only cosmopolitan city suffering from violence due to these internal divisions, which have been compounded by the burden of an increasing population.
Another health hazard common the cities is connected to lifestyle and consumption patterns, including dietary changes and obesity. Urban life is characterised by stress which may even strain family relations.
Essential services are not reachable within time. Cities have advanced communication and transport networks. A lot of facilities to exploit these resources also exist only in cities. Hazards Associated With Urbanisation and its hazard Populations of cities in Europe and USA started to increase significantly in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The factors that are mainly responsible for the lack of housing facilities are lack of financial resources, poverty and unemployment. Increased industrial activity also raises pollution levels that contribute to respiratory health problems.
Urbanity and food - In most societies, agriculture is the backbone of the economic foundations for development, whereas urbanization lays the foundation for the next step in economic development, industrialization. In rural sector people have to depend mainly on agriculture for their livelihood.
Research and recycling programs are possible only in cities. If one goes by the trends of urbanization it is seen that urbanization is highest in the developing countries because of the unstable socio-economic structure.
More than two billion people still have no sanitary means to dispose of human waste Hardoy, Cairncross and Satterthwaite ; WHO Commission on Health and Environment b.
Urbanization may occur for the following reasons. Populations of cities in Europe and USA started to increase significantly in the 18th and 19th centuries. Some of the villages in South Kanara district of Karnataka set a good example for this.
Problem of over population: Most industries and educational institutions are located in cities whereas there are limited opportunities within rural areas. Unemployment - Since the number of people competing for jobs is more than jobs available, unemployment is an inevitable problem.
The answer will be no. Utilities such as water, electricity and sewage disposal are also scarce.
The debate must be opened up as it directly pertains to the future of people living in the existing or future urban centres.
Water - Increase in the urban population increases the demand and consumption of water. Educational facilities - Schools, colleges and universities are established in cities to develop human resources.
Causes and Effects of Urbanization in India! Benefits Of Urbanization Though urbanization has drawbacks, it has its benefits. Due to harmful emissions of gases and smoke from factories and vehicles, air pollution occurs. An example for a dramatic increase in extent and population of cities is Chicago in USA.
Slums become a breeding ground for criminal activities. Another example relates to the absence of parking in the city.
It may slow but surely does not show any signs of stopping. Due to overcrowding in the cities the supply of water is falling short compared to the demand. This is not just a lament about Islamabad but on the lack of urban planning in Pakistan in general.Urban Threats. Urbanization spurs a unique set of issues to both humans and animals.
Urban development can magnify the risk of environmental hazards such as flash flooding. Urbanisation and Its Hazards Introduction The last few decades have witnessed population explosion in cities across the world.
While some cities have managed to put infrastructure in place to cope with the surge in city population, most have been unable to. Urbanisation in Pakistan and its consequences. now is the time to think deeply about urbanisation and its consequences.
Published in The Express Tribune, November 22. Jul 28, · Introduction Increase in the volume of total population in urban areas is called Urbanization. Rising population in urban areas creates rise in the demand of basic amenities such as food, health, transport and shelter in such areas.
This contributes to the development of land for housing, economic support institutions, commercialization. Dec 27, · Urbanisation And Its Hazards Urbanization refers to general increase in population and the amount of industrialization of a settlement. It includes increase in the number and extent of cities.
Sst ASSG - +ve and –ve impacts of urbanisation Urbanisation in the world today is an ongoing process that has a profound impact on people's living conditions and health status. The globalisation of markets, the desire for higher education, increased use of communication, and new information technologies are the driving forces behind this .Download